Dr. Yugal Mishra

The Bentall procedure,

The Bentall procedure, also known as the Bentall-De Bono procedure, is a surgical procedure used to treat conditions that involve both the aortic valve and the aortic root. It was developed by Dr. Hugh Bentall and Professor Alain de Bono in the 1960s. The procedure is primarily performed to treat aortic aneurysms or aortic dissections that involve the aortic valve, as well as certain cases of aortic valve disease.


The Bentall operation involves several key steps:


  1. Aortic Root Replacement: The procedure begins with the removal of the diseased portion of the aortic root, including the aortic valve and the dilated or damaged segment of the aorta. The aortic valve is usually replaced with a mechanical valve or a biological valve.
  1. Aortic Valve Replacement: After removing the damaged aortic valve, a new valve is implanted in the aortic position. The choice of valve replacement (mechanical or biological) depends on factors such as the patient’s age, overall health, and preference, as well as the surgeon’s recommendation.
  1. Aortic Graft Implantation: Following the valve replacement, a synthetic tube called an aortic graft is used to reconstruct the aortic root. The graft is sutured in place to replace the removed portion of the aorta and restore the continuity of the aortic arch.
  1. Re-implantation of Coronary Arteries: If the patient’s coronary arteries were involved in the diseased aortic segment, they are carefully detached from the damaged aorta and re-implanted onto the new aortic graft. This ensures that blood flow to the heart muscle is maintained.



The Bentall procedure, a surgical technique involving aortic root replacement and aortic valve replacement, is indicated for several conditions affecting the aortic root and the aortic valve. Here are some common indications for the Bentall operation:


  1. Aortic Aneurysm: The Bentall procedure is frequently performed to treat aortic aneurysms, which are abnormal bulges or dilations of the aortic wall. If an aneurysm involves the aortic root and poses a risk of rupture or dissection, surgical intervention may be necessary. The Bentall procedure allows for the replacement of the diseased aortic root while addressing the underlying aneurysm.
  1. Aortic Dissection: Aortic dissection occurs when there is a tear in the inner layer of the aortic wall, causing blood to flow between the layers and potentially leading to a life-threatening condition. If the dissection involves the aortic root or affects the aortic valve, the Bentall operation may be indicated to repair the tear, replace the damaged aortic root, and restore normal blood flow.
  1. Aortic Valve Disease: The Bentall procedure is commonly performed in cases of aortic valve disease, particularly when there is severe damage or dysfunction of the aortic valve along with involvement of the aortic root. It allows for the simultaneous replacement of the diseased aortic valve and the aortic root, addressing both conditions in a single surgery.
  1. Connective Tissue Disorders: Patients with connective tissue disorders, such as Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, or Loeys-Dietz syndrome, may develop aortic root aneurysms or dissections. The Bentall procedure may be indicated in these cases to repair or replace the affected aortic root and aortic valve.
  1. Failed Previous Aortic Valve or Root Surgery: The Bentall operation can be considered for patients who have previously undergone aortic valve repair or replacement but have experienced a recurrence of valve dysfunction or complications. It allows for a comprehensive correction of the aortic root and valve, addressing any issues with the prior surgery.



While the Bentall procedure is a commonly performed surgical technique for the treatment of certain conditions affecting the aortic root and valve, there are certain contraindications that may make a patient ineligible for the procedure. Contraindications for the Bentall operation can vary depending on individual patient factors and the specific circumstances, but here are some general contraindications:


  1. High Surgical Risk: The Bentall procedure is a complex open-heart surgery that requires general anesthesia and carries inherent surgical risks. If a patient has significant comorbidities, advanced age, or a high overall surgical risk, the procedure may not be recommended due to the increased likelihood of complications or poor outcomes.
  1. Severe Coexisting Medical Conditions: The presence of severe medical conditions that may compromise the patient’s ability to tolerate the surgical procedure or have a successful recovery can be a contraindication. Examples include severe pulmonary hypertension, severe renal dysfunction, advanced liver disease, or other conditions that pose significant risks.
  1. Inadequate Life Expectancy: The Bentall procedure is typically recommended for patients with a reasonable life expectancy who are likely to benefit from the procedure. If a patient has limited life expectancy due to advanced age, terminal illness, or other factors, the risks and potential benefits of the Bentall operation may need to be carefully evaluated.
  1. Irreversible End-Stage Organ Dysfunction: Patients with irreversible end-stage organ dysfunction, such as severe heart failure, severe lung disease, or advanced kidney disease, may not be suitable candidates for the Bentall procedure. The underlying organ dysfunction may significantly increase the risks associated with the surgery and compromise the patient’s ability to recover.